S little known outside of Egypt. Zar means the practices or rites, which are performed in order to conciliate the Zar-Spirit, whom seized possession of a person, causing physical and/or physiological illness. These rites consist of ecstatic dancing, rousing music and drum beating, singing, and burning of aromatic substances and sometimes animal sacrifice, usually lasting for a few days. In the course of the ceremony, the patient wears numerous amulets and jewelry depending on the Zar-Spirit taken hold of that person. The Zar-Spirit is represented on this amulet, which is usually hung on the headdress.